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Gender Peculiriaties of Characters' Communicative Behaviour in Emotional States in the Novels of Ch. Brontë and E. Brontë
Степанюк, М. (M. Stepaniuk) (2015)
Наукові записки Національного університету «Острозька академія». Серія «Філологічна» (Вип.59). pp. 201-203
The article defines gender peculiarities of communicative behavior of the characters in the emotional state in Ch.Brontë’s and E.Bronte’s novels, presents differences in communicative actions of men and women in emotional states, namely, «joy», «anger», «surprise», «disgust» and «fear». In the article were given examples of containment, concealment and disguise emotions by women and men.
Analysis shows, that emotional states of men deviate from expected gender stereotypes. Men in women’s novels often behave as women – emotionally and use a lot of words. According to gender stereotypes, women’s communicative behavior has a high level of emotion expression, but in women’s novels they behave discreetly and not so emotionally. They prefer even to conceal them or disguise.
Marriage and Paradoxical Christian Agency in the Novels of Mary Wollstonecraft, Jane Austen, Anne Brontë and Elizabeth Gaskell
Fisher, Dalene (2016)
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) thesis, University of Kent
Between 1790 and 1850, the novel was used widely "for doing God's work," and English female authors, specifically those who identified themselves as Christians, were exploiting the novel's potential to challenge dominant discourse and middle-class gender ideology, particularly in relationship to marriage. I argue in this thesis that Mary Wollstonecraft, Jane Austen, Anne Brontë and Elizabeth Gaskell used the novel to construct Christian heroines who, as unlikely agents, make resistive choices shown to be undergirded by faith.
All practicing some form of Christianity, Wollstonecraft, Austen, Brontë and Gaskell engage evangelicalism's belief in "transformation of the heart." They construct heroines who are specifically shown to question the value of a narrative that assumes wayward husbands would somehow be transformed as a result of the marriage union. The heroines in this study come to resist such reforming schemes. Instead, they paradoxically leverage the very Christian faith that dominant discourse would use to subjugate them in unequal unions.